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Install Microsoft SQL Server (MS SQL) on RHEL (CentOS) / Ubuntu

Microsoft has released SQL Server for Redhat Enterprise Linux and Ubuntu; you can now start testing this latest preview of SQL Server in your environment.

This version is still in preview; it is meant for testing and development purpose only. Try it on your own.

Supported Operating Systems:

Redhat Enterprise Linux 7.2
Ubuntu 16.04


Setup Repository:
### Ubuntu 16.04 ###

$ sudo apt-get install -y wget
$ wget https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc
$ sudo apt-key add microsoft.asc
$ curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/mssql-server.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql.list
$ curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/msprod.list

### CentOS 7 ###

# yum -y install wget
# wget https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/mssql-server.repo
# wget https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/prod.repo
# mv *.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/mssql.repo
Install MS SQL Server on Linux:

### Ubuntu 16.04 ###

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server

### CentOS 7 ###

# yum install -y mssql-server
Setup MS SQL server.
### Ubuntu 16.04 ###

$ sudo /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr-setup

### CentOS 7 ###

# /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr-setup

Output:

Microsoft(R) SQL Server(R) Setup

You can abort setup at anytime by pressing Ctrl-C. Start this program
with the --help option for information about running it in unattended
mode.

The license terms for this product can be downloaded from
http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=746388 and found
in /usr/share/doc/mssql-server/LICENSE.TXT.

Do you accept the license terms? If so, please type "YES": YES

Please enter a password for the system administrator (SA) account: Enter Admin Password
Please confirm the password for the system administrator (SA) account: Re Enter Admin Password

Setting system administrator (SA) account password...

Do you wish to start the SQL Server service now? [y/n]: n

You can use sqlservr-setup --start-service to start SQL Server, and
sqlservr-setup --enable-service to enable SQL Server to start at boot.

Setup completed successfully.
Start the MS SQL Service.
### Ubuntu 16.04 ###

$ sudo systemctl start mssql-server
$ sudo systemctl enable mssql-server

### CentOS 7 ###

# systemctl start mssql-server
# systemctl enable mssql-server

Install SQL Server tools on Linux:
It provides command line tools (sqlcmd and bcp), ODBC drivers and their dependencies.
### Ubuntu 16.04 ###

$ sudo apt-get install -y mssql-tools

### CentOS 7 ###

# yum install -y mssql-tools
Steps:


Accept License terms

Firewall (CentOS / RHEL):

Configure the firewall to allow 1433 port so that we can access the SQL server from external machines.
# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=1433/tcp
# firewall-cmd --reload
Connect to MS SQL server:


Once the installation is complete, connect to MS SQL server using the following command.
sqlcmd -H 127.0.0.1 -U sa

Password: 
1>

Microsoft Official Document Here


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